The arthroscope is a fibre-optic telescope that can be inserted into a joint
(commonly the knee, shoulder and ankle) to evaluate and treat a number of
conditions and ARTHROSCOPY is the technique to diagnose and treat joint problems / injuries within the joint capsule with minimal small key holes over the skin into the joint without exposing the entire joint. A camera is attached to the arthroscope and the picture is visualized on a high definition HD/ 4K TV monitor through fibre-optic cables. Most arthroscopic surgeries are performed as a single day stay procedure and is usually done under general anaesthesia or regional anaesthesia depending on the joint involved. Knee arthroscopy is the most common procedure of all joint arthroscopies worldwide.
Arthroscopy is useful in evaluating and treating the following conditions:-
1. Torn floating cartilage (meniscus) : Cushion / Shock absorber of the joint: The meniscus is trimmed to a stable rim or occasionally repaired depending on the configuration, tear type, vascularity, time to injury, occupation of the patient and many other factors.
2. Torn surface (articular) cartilage : Lubricating surface of the bones of the joint : many procedures are been done to rectify the cartilage defects e.g. microfracture, Mosaicplasty, abrasion chondroplasty, ACI etc.
3. Removal of loose bodies (cartilage or bone that has broken off) and cysts.
4. Repair & Reconstruction of the Cruciate ligaments of the knee :- ACL (Anterior Cruciate Ligament) & PCL (Posterior Cruciate Ligament).
5. Patello-femoral (knee-cap) disorders
6. Washout of infected knees
7. Adhesionlysis of Arthrofibrotic knees / Stiff knees ( Post Fracture / Post Fracture surgeries / Post infection)
7. General diagnostic purposes